By Heinz Kramer
Turkey is a longstanding best friend of the us and Europe. After the dying of the Soviet empire, Turkey's strategic value has replaced yet now not reduced. this present day Turkey is dealing with a very various overseas and defense coverage setting. despite the fact that, Turkey can also be present process awesome inner swap. Many demonstrated political truths of the Republic's seventy-five-year-long culture are more and more puzzled by way of a turning out to be a part of its humans. particularly, there's the increase of political Islam and the resultant conflict of ideologies among "secularists" and "Islamists" in addition to the controversy approximately Turkey's "Kurdish reality." Turkey's allies must reply to this improvement by means of adapting their rules. not anything lower than a re-examination and, finally, a re-orientation in kinfolk with either the USA and Europe is needed if Turkey is to stay anchored within the West. This publication undertakes a complete evaluate and research of Turkey's inner and exterior alterations and offers parts of a brand new ecu and American coverage towards a key strategic accomplice.
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Additional resources for A Changing Turkey: The Challenge to Europe and the United States (Studies in Foreign Policy)
Without any doubt the new Islamic sector is an expression of the existing political and ideological pluralism. 41 Indeed, it cannot be questioned that the Muslim women's movement of the 1990s brought a new quality to the face of Islam as well as to the Turkish feminist movement in general. 2011 04:21:53 page_23 < previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 a typically urban and largely middle-class phenomenon. 42 This generally holds true for the more politically conscious part of Turkey's civil society in general.
2011 04:21:53 page_24 < previous page page_24 next page > Page 24 Chapter Three The Slow Adaptation of the Political System If the military coup of September 1980 was instrumental in accelerating Turkey's far-reaching economic and social change by providing the circumstances under which Turgut Özal could develop and execute his fundamental economic reforms, it was also instrumental in creating the political system's inability to cope with the consequences of this change. The military leadership of the time failed in its effort to create a new political system with new political participants who would act according to new rules.
The state security apparatus, however, still strongly resists taking human rights issues more seriously, as can be deduced from the recurring prosecution of human rights activists by the judiciary, mainly for their criticizing state authorities' behavior in the southeast. 27 The severe risks involved in human rights activism on behalf of Kurds have become evident by the attempt on the life of the chairman of the IHD* in May 1998. Akin* Birdal was shot in his office by two ultranationalist gunmen after newspapers had published allegations that he was a follower of the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK) made by a former PKK leader who had been captured by Turkish security forces in northern Iraq.
A Changing Turkey: The Challenge to Europe and the United States (Studies in Foreign Policy) by Heinz Kramer