By Gwendolyn Leick
This Dictionary offers a complete survey of the complete diversity of historic close to japanese structure from the Neolithic around huts in Palestine to the large temples of Ptolemaic Egypt. Gwendolyn Leick examines the improvement of the critical forms of historic structure inside of their geographical and historic context, and describes positive factors of significant websites comparable to Ur, Nineveh and Babylon, in addition to some of the lesser-known websites. She additionally covers the differences of usual historic architectural constructions reminiscent of pyramids, tombs and homes, info the construction fabric and methods hired, and clarifies expert terminology.
0203041070 grasp booklet ISBN
0203199650 (Adobe eReader layout)
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Extra info for A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture
There Baked bricks set in bitumen (Babylon, palace of Nebukadrezzar) are indeed numerous bitumen springs in South Mesopotamia as well as on the Dead Sea. There is some evidence that the substance (called ittu or kupru in Akkadian) was indeed used as MORTAR: eg at ABU SHAHREIN or UR, where the plano-convex bricks during the Early Dynastic period were laid in bitumen. But generally its use was restricted to the purpose of waterproofing. Burnt bricks laid in bitumen form an efficient protection against dampness (see Nebukadrezzar’s palace in BABYLON).
The layout of the sanctuaries was from then on standardised shallow ante-cella and oblong cella (‘Langraum’). 22 The Anu-Adad temple (built by Tiglath-pileser I c. 1100 BC) is also a symmetrical structure as both gods were equally powerful. 1m at the base) and the sanctuaries were set side by side between them. The courtyard just extended to the front of the shrines. The Nabu-Ishtar temple was the last Assyrian temple to be built (by Sinsharishkun, c. 629–612 BC). It had very carefully laid foundations of limestone.
In Egypt, baked bricks were not employed before the Roman period at all. In Mesopotamia, they were used on an unprecedented scale during the NeoBabylonian period (see BABYLON). bamah Hebrew word translated as ‘High Place’ in the English version of the Old Testament where it is mentioned unfavourably alongside the ‘groves’ as a pagan cult place. Archaeological evidence revealed that ‘High Places’ were not exclusively openair sanctuaries on hills or mountain-sides. They could also be installed on lower ground and in cities.
A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture by Gwendolyn Leick