By C. S. Lewis
During this vintage trial of religion, C. S. Lewis probes the elemental problems with existence and dying, and summons those that grieve to sincere mourning and desire in the middle of loss.
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The Message of the Alien God and the Beginnings of Christianity.
Preface to the 3rd variation
Note at the party of the 3rd Printing (1970)
Preface to the second one version
Preface to the 1st version
1. advent: East and West in Hellenism
(a) The a part of the West
Greek tradition at the Eve of Alexander's Conquests
Cosmopolitanism and the recent Greek Colonization
The Hellenization of the East
Later Hellenism: The switch from Secular to non secular tradition
The 4 levels of Greek Culture
(b) The a part of the East
The East at the Eve of Alexander's Conquests
The East lower than Hellenism
The Re-emergence of the East
Part I. Gnostic Literature—Main Tenets, Symbolic Language
2. The which means of Gnosis and the level of the Gnostic move
(a) religious weather of the period
(b) The identify "Gnosticism"
(c) The beginning of Gnosticism
(d) the character of Gnostic "Knowledge"
(e) Survey of Sources
Secondary or oblique Sources
Primary or Direct assets
(f) summary of major Gnostic Tenets
3. Gnostic Imagery and Symbolic Language
(a) The "Alien"
(b) "Beyond," "Without," "This World," and "The different World"
(c) Worlds and Aeons
(d) The Cosmic Habitation and the Stranger's Sojourn
(e) "Light" and "Darkness," "Life" and "Death"
(f) "Mixture," "Dispersal," the "One," and the "Many"
(g) "Fall," "Sinking," "Capture"
(h) Forlornness, Dread, Homesickness
(i) Numbness, Sleep, Intoxication
(j) The Noise of the World
(k) The "Call from Without"
(l) The "Alien Man"
(m) The content material of the Call
(n) The reaction to the Call
(o) Gnostic Allegory
Eve and the Serpent
Cain and the Creator
Prometheus and Zeus
Appendix to bankruptcy three: thesaurus of Mandaean Terms
Part II. Gnostic structures of Thought
4. Simon Magus
5. The "Hymn of the Pearl"
(a) The Text
Serpent, Sea, Egypt
The Impure Garment
The Conquering of the Serpent and the Ascent
The Heavenly Garment; the Image
The Transcendental Self
6. The Angels That Made the realm. The Gospel of Marcion
(a) The Angels That Made the World
(b) The Gospel of Marcion
Marcion's targeted place in Gnostic Thought
Redemption in line with Marcion
"Grace Freely Given"
Marcion's Ascetic Morality
Marcion and Scripture
7. The Poimandres of Hermes Trismegistus
(a) The Text
The starting place of the Divine Man
The Descent of guy; the Planetary Soul
The Union of guy with Nature; the Narcissus Motif
The Ascent of the Soul
The First Beginnings
8. The Valentinian Speculation
(a) The Speculative precept of Valentinianism
(b) The System
Development of the Pleroma
The quandary within the Pleroma
Consequences of the trouble, functionality of the Limit
Restoration of the Pleroma
Events outdoors the Pleroma
Sufferings of the decrease Sophia
Origination of Matter
Derivation of the only Elements
Demiurge and construction of the World
Appendix I to bankruptcy eight: the placement of fireplace one of the Elements
Appendix II to bankruptcy eight: The approach of the Apocryphon of John
9. production, global background, and Salvation in line with Mani
(a) Mani's strategy; His Vocation
(b) The System
The Primal Principles
The assault of the Darkness
The Pacifism of the area of Light
The First construction: Primal Man
The Defeat of Primal Man
The Sacrifice and Adulteration of the Soul
The moment production: The dwelling Spirit; Liberation of Primal Man
Creation of the Macrocosmos
The 3rd production: The Messenger
Origin of crops and Animals
Creation of Adam and Eve
Mission of the Luminous Jesus; the Jesus Patibilis
Practical Conclusions; Mani's Ascetic Morality
The Doctrine of the final Things
(c) Recapitulation: different types of Dualism in Gnostic Speculation
Part III. Gnosticism and the Classical Mind
10. The Cosmos in Greek and Gnostic Evaluation
(a) the assumption of "Cosmos" and Man's position in It
The Greek Position
Cosmos-Piety as a place of Retreat
The Gnostic Revaluation
The Greek Reaction
(b) future and the Stars
Forms of Sidereal Piety within the historic World
The Gnostic Revaluation
The Greek response; the Brotherhood of guy and Stars
The Acosmic Brotherhood of Salvation
11. advantage and the Soul in Greek and Gnostic Teaching
(a) the assumption of advantage: Its Absence in Gnosticism
(b) Gnostic Morality
Nihilism and Libertinism
Asceticism, Self-Abnegation, the recent "Virtue"
Arete and the Christian "Virtues"
Virtue in Philo Judaeus
(c) Gnostic Psychology
The Demonological Interpretation of Inwardness
The Soul as Female
(d) end: The Unknown God
Supplements to the second one Edition
12. the new Discoveries within the box of Gnosticism
Addendum to bankruptcy 12
13. Epilogue: Gnosticism, Nihilism and Existentialism
Corrections and Additions
Selected Supplementary Bibliography
Index to right Names
"One of the main major non secular books of our day. the most effective books in this topic given that St. John of the move. an awesome booklet, it clarifies the better areas of the non secular direction. " -- Father Thomas Keating
Within the normal framework, the Christian suggestion of loss-of-self is usually considered as the transformation or lack of the ego (lower self) because it attains to the better or actual self in its union with God. hence, simply because self at its inner most middle is a run-on with the divine, I had by no means discovered any real self except God, for to discover the only is to discover the other.
Because this used to be the restrict of my expectancies, i used to be all of the extra stunned and bewildered whilst a long time later I came across an everlasting kingdom during which there has been no self, no greater self, actual self, or whatever which may be referred to as a self. basically, I had fallen open air my very own, in addition to the normal body of reference, while I stumbled on a course that looked as if it would start the place the writers at the contemplative existence had left off. yet with the transparent certitude of the self's disappearance, there immediately arose the query of what had fallen away--what used to be the self? What, precisely, had it been? Then too, there has been the all-important query: what remained in its absence? This trip used to be the slow revelation of the solutions to those questions, solutions that needed to be derived exclusively from own event due to the fact no outdoors clarification was once forthcoming.
"I needs to re-emphasize that the next stories don't belong to the 1st contemplative circulate or the soul's institution in a nation of union with God. i've got written in other places of this primary trip and believe that sufficient has been stated of it already, on the grounds that this flow is unavoidably the particular hindrance of contemplative writers. therefore it's only the place those writers depart off that I suggest to start. the following now, starts off the adventure past union, past self and God, a trip into the silent and nonetheless areas of the Unknown. " -- Bernadette Roberts, from the creation
There's no doubt that ecumenism occupies a admired position within the historical past of the church within the 20th century: numerous church buildings were renewed via come upon with Christian sisters and brothers in different confessions and cultures. however it isn't transparent that this ecumenical impulse will proceed to determine prominently within the church’s tale.
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Extra resources for A Grief Observed
I am a death’s head. ’ At first I was very afraid of going to places where H. and I had been happy—our favourite pub, our favourite wood. But I decided to do it at once—like sending a pilot up again as soon as possible after he’s had a crash. Unexpectedly, it makes no difference. Her absence is no more emphatic in those places than anywhere else. It’s not local at all. I suppose that if one were forbidden all salt one wouldn’t notice it much more in any one food than in another. Eating in general would be different, every day, at every meal.
Her bad language throws no light on it one way or the other. And I can believe He is a vet when I think of my own suffering. It is harder when I think of hers. What is grief compared with physical pain? Whatever fools may say, the body can suffer twenty times more than the mind. The mind has always some power of evasion. At worst, the unbearable thought only comes back and back, but the physical pain can be absolutely continuous. Grief is like a bomber circling round and dropping its bombs each time the circle brings it overhead; physical pain is like the steady barrage on a trench in World War One, hours of it with no let-up for a moment.
If God’s goodness is inconsistent with hurting us, then either God is not good or there is no God: for in the only life we know He hurts us beyond our worst fears and beyond all we can imagine. If it is consistent with hurting us, then He may hurt us after death as unendurably as before it. ’ Sometimes it is hard to say so much. But if our faith is true, He didn’t. He crucified Him. Come, what do we gain by evasions? We are under the harrow and can’t escape. Reality, looked at steadily, is unbearable.
A Grief Observed by C. S. Lewis